E3T Vs Libra

When I first conceptualized the blockchain network for E3T, the digital money that will power our E3hubs closed-loop digital economic platform, Libra was not born yet. As E3hubs is a closed ecosystem, my team and I have designed the E3T blockchain network as a private permissioned blockchain that allows only members to transact.

To build a blockchain network, we need to adopt a consensus protocol. After conducting some extensive research, I found that the Ethereum Proof of Authority (PoA) is the most suitable consensus protocol for E3T. Two months later, Facebook announced the Libra whitepaper and amazingly it is very much similar to E3T. E3T is as good if not better than Libra.

What is PoA?

Proof of Authority (PoA) is a reputation-based consensus algorithm that introduces a practical and efficient solution for blockchain networks.

Proof-of-Authority (PoA) is a new consensus algorithm family that provides high performance and fault tolerance. In PoA, rights to generate new blocks are awarded to nodes that have proven their authority to do so. To gain this authority and a right to generate new blocks, a node must pass a preliminary authentication.

The Proof of Authority model relies on a limited number of block validators and this is what makes it a highly scalable system. Blocks and transactions are verified by pre-approved participants, who act as moderators of the system.

Why E3T Adopts PoA Consensus Protocol?

My team and I decided to adopt PoA as the E3T consensus protocol for the following reasons:

  • High-performance hardware is not required. Compared to PoW consensus, PoA consensus does not require nodes to spend computational resources for solving complex mathematical tasks.
  • The interval of time at which new blocks are generated is predictable. For PoW and PoS consensus, this time varies.
  • High transaction rate. Blocks are generated in a sequence at an appointed time interval by authorized network nodes. This increases the speed at which transactions are validated.
  • Tolerance to compromised and malicious nodes, as long as 51% of nodes are not compromised. E3T implements a ban mechanism for nodes and means of revoking block generation rights.

E3T Network Infrastructure

The E3T network comprises a data layer (blockchain), a consensus layer (PoA), an application layer, a smart contract layer (solidity), and a network layer (validator nodes). The network is maintained by the P2P validator nodes. Validators will initially be selected from founder members who are trustworthy and have high reputations. The validators will be re-elected periodically to avoid concentration of power. Besides that, malicious nodes will be eliminated based on consensus and new nodes can be added in the same manner.

The E3T blockchain network will be hosted by the AWS private cloud as it can ensure the highest security, high throughput, low latency, and high scalability. Therefore, you can be assured that your digital currency E3T and other digital assets will be secure. I will talk more about AWS in a future article.

How is Libra similar to E3T?

The Libra blockchain is a decentralized programmable database designed to support a low volatility cryptocurrency that will serve as an efficient medium of exchange for billions of people around the world.

Similarly, the E3T blockchain is a decentralized programmable database designed to support a low volatility token, E3T, that will serve as an efficient medium of exchange for all the entrepreneurs and E3hubs members around the world.

Both the Libra protocol and the E3T PoA protocol allow a set of validators to jointly maintain a database of programmable resources. These resources are owned by different user accounts authenticated by public key cryptography and adhere to custom rules specified by the developers of these resources. Validators process transactions and interact with each other to reach consensus on the state of the database. For Libra, these transactions are based on smart contracts using Move, while E3T transactions use Solidity.

Libra uses Move to define the core mechanism of the blockchain, such as the cryptocurrency Libra and the validator membership. In comparison, E3T uses Parity Ethereum to build the core mechanism of the E3T blockchain, such as the minting of E3T tokens and the validator membership. Parity Ethereum is the fastest and most advanced Ethereum client and provides the core infrastructure essential for speedy and reliable services. It was developed using the sophisticated and cutting-edge Rust programming language. Parity Ethereum is licensed under GPLv3 and can be used for all your Ethereum needs.

Reference

Initial Exchange Offering(IEO) Explained

After the craze of ICOs subsided, two new crypto crowdfunding methods emerged, namely the Security Token Offering (STO) and the Initial Exchange Offering (IEO). Among the two, IEO is more popular as STO poses a higher barrier of entry, is more expensive, and is subjected to more stringent regulations by the securities commission.

In a recent article, Reuters reported that IEOs have raised $1.5 billion so far in 2019, compared with just $836 million raised from ICOs. A dozen of amazingly successful cases of IEOs have driven more project owners to embark on their own IEO journeys. Famous IEO cases include the sale of the BitT Torrent (BTT) token on the Binance Launchpad, raising $7 million in just the first 14 minutes of the sale opening. Veriblock did even better, raising $7 million in April through an IEO on the Bittrex exchange in just 10 seconds. A truly amazing feat! It is safe to say that IEO has taken over ICO as the preferred choice of fundraising in the cryptocurrency industry.

Based on the success of IEOs, E3hubs, the largest incubation hub in Southeast Asia, has also launched its IEO campaign on 21st October 2019 on a renowned trading platform, Dcoin. The main purpose of this IEO initiative is raising funds to develop a global digital economy platform that is powered by its native token, E3T. This platform will enable E3hubs entrepreneurs to perform all forms of economic activities that will create economic value that might contribute to a sizable percentage of a country’s GDP.

What is IEO?

According to Binance, an Initial Exchange Offering (IEO) is a fundraising campaign that is administered by a Crypto Exchange Platform.  An IEO allows investors to purchase a new cryptocurrency (or token) while raising funds for its crypto project. 

Though ICOs and IEOs both raise funds through token sales, the way they sell tokens is different. For ICOs, the project team themselves conduct the fundraising campaign. Meanwhile, IEO fundraising is conducted on a crypto Exchange platform, where the users of the Exchange can buy tokens with funds directly from their own exchange wallet. 

Advantages and disadvantages of IEO

Advantages

INCREASED INVESTOR CONFIDENCE

Investors are more confident in investing in IEO tokens as the project has to undergo stringent KYC/AML checks by the Exchange platform that handles the IEO projects. The Exchange platform will also evaluate the business model of the project and also audit its technical infrastructure, including its blockchain system and smart contracts. Therefore, many scam projects will be filtered and eliminated. The Exchange platform acts as a trusted third party that can reduce considerable risk in crypto investment.

WIN-WIN FOR THE PROJECT OWNER AND THE EXCHANGE

For the project owner, it is a cheaper and easier way to raise the necessary funds for the project, while not embarking on long marketing campaigns and roadshows. The token is also listed on the Exchange immediately after the IEO campaign.

For the Exchange, conducting an IEO means more revenue for them. An Exchange that hosts an IEO will typically charge a fee for the campaign and get a cut from the token sales. They also get fees when the token starts trading on their exchange.

Disadvantages of IEO

AMBIGUOUS REGULATIONS AND RESTRICTIONS

Many countries still ban or restrict fundraising activity in the cryptocurrency industry while some countries impose stringent regulations on crypto activities. Therefore, it is still uncertain whether IEO will be fully accepted and recognised as the legal way of fundraising in the crypto industry.

ALL INVESTORS SUBJECTED TO STRINGENT AML/KYC

While a stringent KYC/AML check for the project can increase investor confidence, some individuals may be reluctant to expose their identities, so going through a stringent AML/KYC procedure may deter these people from investing in the IEO project.

LIMITED NUMBER OF TOKENS

There have been many complaints from investors that not everyone manages to purchase tokens during IEOs as the number of tokens available for sale is usually limited.

BOTTING CONCERNS

Using bots for trading and investing is ubiquitous nowadays. In the crypto space, there are concerns about bots that can be programmed to participate in IEOs and beat out human investors. In such a scenario, all parties lose out.

How to Conduct an IEO?

Although an IEO is a promising method for fundraising, especially for startups that don’t have the resources and expertise to do an IPO, it is by no means an easy feat. The project owner needs to plan and make the necessary preparations before embarking on the IEO initiative. The following are suggested steps that a project has to follow before going IEO.

DESIGN THE BUSINESS MODEL

Before embarking on an IEO campaign, the founding members of the project must have a clear vision of what their business wants to achieve. They also have to design a business model and draw up plans to attain the vision.

For instance, the vision of the E3T project is to build the world’s largest digital platform for global entrepreneurs, which has the potential to create a vibrant token economy for the E3hubs closed-loop ecosystem. The business model is to create a blockchain-based utility token that will power the E3 digital platform for entrepreneurs, enabling them to perform all forms of economic activities that will create huge economic value.

ASSEMBLE A FORMIDABLE TEAM

In this internet era where information is readily available, potential investors and Exchanges will know instantly the background of the project team members. If the project team comprises mostly inexperienced people, it will seriously affect the confidence of the investors and the Exchanges. Therefore, the project owner needs to assemble a formidable team that comprises experts in business, legal, technology, marketing, and other related disciplines. As most IEO projects are blockchain-based, it is a must to hire blockchain experts. You can check out the E3T team for reference.

PREPARING THE WHITEPAPER AND OTHER DOCUMENTS

The whitepaper is a document that comprises a thorough description of the project, distribution of tokens, business model, tokenomics and more. It also includes information about the project team which usually comprises the board members, the marketing team, the technical team, the legal team, and the advisers.

Writing the whitepaper is a very important step in the IEO campaign. It is an important document that showcases the project. Whether the investors will be impressed and looking forward to investing in the project depends on how well the paper is written. I will not discuss how to write a whitepaper here, but you can check out the E3T white paper.

Besides the whitepaper, the project team should also prepare a one-pager, website, pitch decks, social media pages and more. These are the components that contain the primary source of knowledge about the project for potential investors and Exchanges to evaluate the IEO project.

DEVELOP THE TOKEN

The token is an integral part of the IEO project. Without a native token, what can you sell to the investors? Therefore, it is crucial to design the token from day 1, and start developing it as soon as possible.

Most tokens for IEO projects are ERC20 tokens. The ERC20 standard is chosen because it can be easily designed and deployed to the Ethereum main net. However, if you want a customized token and your team has the expertise and programming skill, you can develop a different protocol from the Ethereum main net, or even develop your own blockchain system.

E3T is an example of a customized utility token which is not an ERC20 token and its blockchain system is also different from the Ethereum main net. E3T blockchain was designed to be a private blockchain network using the Proof of Authority (POA) consensus algorithm. In contrast, the Ethereum main net is using the Proof of Work (PoW) consensus algorithm. E3T has no miners. Instead, the transactions are validated by a finite set of validator nodes and masternodes. For more details, refer to the E3T technical whitepaper.

To mint the ERC20 token, the blockchain developers need to write a robust smart contract and have it tested and also audited by a trusted third party contract auditor to ensure the contract is secure and free of bugs. The audited token can then be deployed to the Ethereum main net or a private network.

MARKETING

The project team needs to carry out an aggressive marketing campaign for its IEO initiative in order to broadcast the news to as many investors as possible. The marketing campaign can be conducted through websites, blogs, as well as social media platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, WhatsApp, WeChat and more. They can also organise events and conferences to promote their token but they need to check whether these activities can be conducted in certain countries. For example, you cannot do so in Malaysia and China.

ENGAGE A CRYPTO EXCHANGE

The project team also needs to sign an agreement with a crypto Exchange to start their IEO campaign. They need to conduct due diligence in searching for a trusted Exchange before deciding to engage one. A good guide is to look for Exchanges that rank within the top 50 on Coinmarketcap. Besides, they need to analyze reviews of the Exchanges on various crypto platforms. IEO fees may also be another concern, as a top rank Exchange may charge an extremely high fee. Therefore, there is always a trade-off between the fee and the reputation of the Exchange.

Final Note

IEO has replaced ICO as the new trend in fundraising in the crypto industry. Investors who are still thinking of the good old days of ICO should start changing their mindset and focus on investing in IEO projects instead. On the other hand, startups or enterprises who wish to raise funds in the crypto industry must realize that ICO is already dead and IEO is the way to go. Lastly, more exchanges should create IEO launchpads to assist projects that wish to raise funds through IEO, as this is an untapped niche with immense potential. 

References

E3T -The Engine Behind E3 Digital Economy Platform

Over the past few years, many ICO projects have cropped up and managed to raise billions of dollars. However, only a few projects have been successful and managed to gain mass adoption – Ethereum, EOS, Tron, and NEM, to name a few. Most projects remained at the POC stage and failed to deploy after raising funds. Worse still, many were scams where the tokens created were just empty digital currency with zero value, aka air coins. Besides that, many were ponzi or money games.

E3T is different. We have designed E3T to be an engine that will power the world’s largest Digital Economy Platform for entrepreneurs. We believe that E3T will help build a vibrant token economy for our closed-loop ecosystem. Although ours is a closed-loop system, we will have a sizable community that spans multiple countries. As all of them are entrepreneurs, they can create huge economic value that might constitute a portion of the national GDP of many countries. The introduction of E3T will accelerate the digital transformation of business processes such as financial services, HR management, product development, marketing, e-commerce, and more.

With respect to financial services, E3T can be used as an internal currency that drives all economic activities within the E3 Digital Economy Platform. These economic activities include E2E transactions, payment for training classes and workshops, payment in the E3 digital decentralized marketplace, payment for mentoring and incubation services, and more. In addition, E3T can also be used to conduct cross-border transactions among members from different countries. To ensure ease of payment, we are developing a mobile digital wallet that has multiple functions and a mobile POS that can allow merchants to accept payments in E3T and other cryptocurrencies.

Another area of finance that can utilize E3T is P2P lending. What blockchain can bring to the table for the peer-to-peer lending platform is building more trust and transparency into the system. Companies like SALT Lending, Lendoit, and Jibrel Network have already launched a peer-to-peer lending platform using blockchain and smart contracts. Similarly, the E3 tech team will develop a blockchain-powered P2P lending platform where entrepreneurs in E3hubs can have easy access to funding via debt financing. The P2P lending platform shall enable the creditors to lend E3T to the borrowers, and borrowers can use E3T to fund their projects, thus increasing the utilization of E3T.

Crowdfunding has become an extremely useful alternative to venture capital. However, traditional crowdfunding platforms charge a high fee for services provided. For example, Kickstarter charges a 5% fee on all funds raised, and their card processing partner also charges a 3% cut and tacks on an additional 20 cents per pledge. On the other hand, blockchain-powered crowdfunding platforms can leverage smart contracts to lower their own costs and pass those savings along to the recipients of crowdfunding by decreasing transactional fees. As the E3 vision is entrepreneurs empowering entrepreneurs, we will develop a blockchain-powered equity crowdfunding platform so that entrepreneurs in the E3 Digital Economy platform can raise funds from entrepreneurs at a lower cost than traditional ECF platforms. To encourage the utilization of E3T, entrepreneurs can invest using E3T and recipients of the funds can use E3T to kickstart their projects.

The good news is that Fundedbyme, a licensed equity crowdfunding and p2p lending company in Malaysia, has agreed to collaborate with E3 Digital Economy Platform to enable E3T to be accepted on their platform. By leveraging Fundedbyme’s expertise and experience, we will be able to build robust blockchain-powered P2P and ECF platforms to serve entrepreneurs in the E3 Digital Economy Platform. This synergy will greatly boost the value of E3T.

Human resource management has undergone tremendous changes in recent years, particularly with regards to the digitalization of human resources.  The emergence of blockchain technology could further transform the world of HR. We will design a payroll and HR services platform on top of our E3 Digital Economy Platform powered by E3T. It will be a global outsourcing platform that serves the freelancers and employers within the E3 community. On this payroll and HR services platform, employers can hire remote freelancers from other countries and use E3T to pay them.

The supply chain is a highly complex and broad ecosystem involving manufacturers, suppliers, sellers, and retailers. Current supply chains face many issues including difficulty in product tracking, theft, counterfeiting, data fraud, and more. Maintaining a level of consistency and error-proofing, to ensure that the right products get to the right location in time, is a huge challenge for any supplier.  On the other hand, blockchain-powered SCM can improve traceability and trackability that will greatly reduce the pain points of SCM. Therefore, we will develop a Supply Chain Management system based on blockchain technology specifically for the entrepreneurs in our closed-loop ecosystem. Channel members can be incentivized with E3T to host nodes on the supply chain networks and use E3T to pay for the transaction and transportation fees.

One of the most ambitious projects of E3hubs is to build a decentralized e-commerce marketplace where members can set up shops to buy and sell goods and services. All transactions can be paid with E3T using our desktop app or from our mobile wallet. This will greatly increase the value and utilization of E3T.

In a nutshell, E3T is designed to be the engine behind the world’s largest digital economy platform for entrepreneurs. It will be the main driver that will power all business activities in the E3 closed-loop digital ecosystem. In this way, E3T will attain mass adoption and could challenge the mainstream cryptocurrencies in the future.

References

E3 Blockchain E-Commerce Marketplace

With the upcoming launch of our long-awaited E3T token, we are in the process of developing various applications to ensure mass adoption of our tokens on our global digital economy platform. One of the most important applications we are developing is the blockchain-powered e-commerce marketplace.

Giant e-commerce platforms such as Alibaba, Amazonl, JD.com, and eBay have been ruling the e-commerce marketplace for the past decades and out-performed the brick and mortar businesses. All these platforms have one thing in common – they run on centralized platforms. There is one centralized system that matches buyers and sellers. However, these platforms have two key weaknesses, namely a lack of transparency and trust. It is difficult to identify who is the user as well as the associated transactions. This results in growing amounts of online marketplace fraud.

Comparatively, all the transactions on the blockchain marketplace are verifiable, traceable, and tamper-proof. Therefore, it can completely eliminate online frauds which are rampant on traditional e-commerce marketplaces. In fact, every transaction can be traced using a unique digital ID. This speeds up order fulfillment and provides better customer service. Any defective product can be recalled and replaced rapidly and automatically based on the smart contract.

Blockchain marketplace is also a better platform for complaint redressal as data are transparent and immutable. Feedback recorded on the blockchain from the community also provides more accurate information pertaining to products and services sold on the marketplace. This will greatly improve customer satisfaction.

In addition, payment is made easy and instantaneous as it is paid directly to the vendor or supplier without going through intermediaries, saving cost and time. Besides that, merchants will benefit a great deal by adopting the blockchain marketplace as it is easy for supply chain management, payment settlements, auditing, and more.

To enable our entrepreneurs to trade using E3T, we will develop the E3 Blockchain-powered marketplace where all entrepreneurs can set up online stores on the marketplace. We shall develop various applications like shopping carts, web, and mobile apps design, and crypto payment gateways to facilitate online transactions. In addition, we will also add online stores to our wallet for users to purchase goods and services from our merchants with E3T. On top of that, we will also implement O2O e-commerce where users make purchases on our blockchain-powered marketplace and settle payments offline upon delivery using our mobile POS terminal. 

References

One-Touch Connect to the world’s Largest Digital Economy platform for Entrepreneurs-E3T Wallet

Without an encrypted digital currency wallet, digital currency is just another inanimate idea. Therefore, E3hubs will develop iOS and Android versions of the multi-functional mobile encryption wallet, which will give E3T more vitality.

With E3T wallet, you can connect to the world’s largest digital economy platform for entrepreneurs and conduct transactions with one touch on your mobile phone. By installing E3T wallet you are literally having a bank vault on your mobile phone! It allows you to buy products and services just by scanning the QR code. Besides that, you can pay for training courses, events and mentoring services with your mobile wallet, seamlessly and without any hassle.

For startups who seek funding, just click the P2P lending or ECF buttons on the E3T wallet to initiate fundraising process on P2P and ECF platforms of E3hubs. Those who are keen to trade E3T can always look up for the latest trend by touching the market watch button and then swap to exchange for other cryptocurrencies. With the airdrop button, entrepreneurs may incentivize their customers by airdropping free tokens to their wallets for purchasing their products or services.

E3T wallet also rewards members with E3T by recommending friends to join the E3 platform. For members who wish to promote their products and services, they can implement push advertising on E3T wallet. Most excitingly, members from different countries can use E3T wallet to perform cross border payment seamlessly using a one-touch button on your mobile phone.

Latest news, we will reveal E3T wallet UI soon, stay tuned!